The selection of gaskets requires expertise and know-how since ever greater reliability coupled with the lowest possible leakage rates are demanded of gasket materials.The exacting demands made onthe tightness of gasket materials (e.g.Tightness class L0.01) mean that with increasing internal pressure higher surface pressures must be applied to the gasket.It must be shown that the flange joint will tolerate the demands made on it without being mechanically overloaded. Furthermore, the surface pressure applied to create the seal should never fall below the required minimum value since this will reduce the life of the gasket.
Highly stressed,but not overstressed gaskets have a longer life than understressed gaskets. If the gasket fitted will be subjected to non-static loading, or will suffer stress fluctuations during discontinuous operation, it is advisable to choose a gasket which is not prone to embrittlement with increasing temperature (e.g. KLINGERgraphite laminate or KLINGERtop-chem), especially for steam and/or water applications.